The process of obtaining citizenship in Ghana can vary depending on the individual’s circumstances, but generally it requires that the applicant meet certain criteria and go through a formal application process.
One way to become a citizen of Ghana is through naturalization, which is the process of obtaining citizenship through residence in the country for a certain period of time. In order to be eligible for naturalization in Ghana, an individual must have lived in the country for at least 7 years and be able to speak one of the local languages fluently. Additionally, the individual must be of good character, pass a test on Ghanaian culture and history, and be able to support themselves financially.
Another way to obtain Ghanaian citizenship is through registration, which is available to certain individuals who are born outside of Ghana but have a parent who is a Ghanaian citizen. The individual must have lived in Ghana for at least 5 years, and be able to speak one of the local languages fluently. Additionally, they must be of good character and financially self-sufficient.
It’s also possible to obtain Ghanaian citizenship through marriage to a Ghanaian citizen, the process of which typically involves providing documentation of the marriage and residence in the country, and a similar set of requirements of good character and financial self-sufficiency, and knowledge of the language.
Finally, Ghanaian citizenship may be granted/restored by Presidential mandate as occurred in 2016, 2019 and 2022. Ɔbenfo Ọbádélé Kambon was one of the first to receive Ghanaian citizenship in 2016 and played a key role in the development of this initiative.